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[纳米物理与器件重点实验室学术报告] Majorana search and topologically protected quantum computation: Challenges and progress
时间: 2018年09月11日 10:30
地点: S102, Kavli Institute of Theoretical Science, 3 Nanyitiao, Zhongguancun
报告人: Prof. Dong Liu

Department of Physics, Tsinghua University

Abstract:
Topological materials provide a protection from decoherence at the hardware level by using emergent non-Abelian anyons. The simplest non-Abelian anyon involves a defect that binds a Majorana zero-energy mode, predicted to appear quite naturally in certain superconducting systems. I will review recent progress in the Majorana search, and the challenges in the validation of Majorana devices. Later I will introduce a simple measurement scheme to overcome the problem, and show robust, clear, and universal experimental signatures of Majorana zero modes. I will also discuss a serious type of errors in general topological quantum computation and Majorana qubit. Diabatic corrections only vanish as a power-law function with the length of time for the braid. This power-law behavior can wash out the advantages of topological quantum computation. We found that such diabatic errors can be detected and corrected by applying a sequence of parity measurements.

报告人简介:刘东,2005年本科毕业于北京大学,2012年获美国Duke大学博士,2012-2014年在美国密西根州立大学从事博士后研究,2014-2017年在Station Q微软研究院加利福尼亚分部任博士后研究员。2018年加入清华大学物理系任助理教授。研究领域为理论量子物理和凝聚态物理,目前的研究兴趣包括:拓扑量子计算(物理实现和架构),拓扑量子器件的输运和量子调控,多体相互作用量子系统中的非平衡态。

联系人:李永庆

E-mail: yqli@iphy.ac.cn

Joint Seminar of CAS Center for Excellence in Topological Quantum Computation, UCAS; Kavli Institute of Theoretical Science; Key Laboratory of Nanoscale Physics and Devices, Institute of Physics, CAS


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